Educational Leadership and Management (8605) Headings and Points
Education Administration Meaning and Nature: it is machinery through which organization managed.
Importance of Education Administration: Achievement of goals, Economy, Conservation of Resources, Optimum use of resources,
Scope of Education Administration : Planning, Organizing ,Staffing , Directing , Coordination , Reporting ,Budgeting , planning , organizing , decision making , stimulating , coordinating communicating (upward communication , Horizontal Communication, Downward Communication , Evaluating .
Basic Principles of Education Administration: (1) Principles of democratic leadership, (2) Principle of cooperation (3) principle of scientific method (4) principle of coordination (5) Principle of Flexibility (6) Principle of planning (7) Principle of evaluation
Fundamental Principle of Islamic Administration : (1) Law of Allah (2) Head of state should be Muslims(3) equal rights (4) men and women same rights (5) selection of chief executive (6) works for society (7) non Muslims protection (8) democratic Govt (9) freedom of life(10) concept of accountability
Dynamics of Islamic Models: (1) Sovereignty of Allah (2) The Sunni and Hadith (3) Ijtihad (4) Ijma
Duties of Islamic Administrator: Dispersion of justice, law and order, criminal code, defense of frontiers , religious war
Chapter No 2 :
Meaning of Basic Elements of Managements: (1) Managements as group of functional People,(2) Managements as Process/activity
Fay ole Role in Defining Management Functions /Elements: 1916,1949.
Establish standard of performance .communication, use of machines, actual performance, and correction of variance.
Major Sources of Educational Issues: Resource Issue .Process issue, output issue, Societal Issues.
Issues in Pakistan: input issues, process issues, output issues, social issues
Planning Principles: Principle of primary objective, principle of adequate alternative, Principle of Contingencies
Organizing Principles: Unity of command Principle, Adequacy of authority, scalar Principle ,
Staffing Principles: Principles of Developing successor, principle of manager evaluation, principle of management development
Directing Principle: Principles of harmony of objectives, Principles of manager Examples, principle of motivation,
Controlling Principles : Principles of Standards , Principles of measurement of performance , Principles of corrective action
Scope and Subjective Matter of School Managements : Management of school plant , management of curricular and curricular activities , Management of Human Resources , Management of Financial Resources .
What are objectives of Educational /School Managements
unity , awareness, produce citizen , Islam teaching , quality of education , literacy , interest , per mote scientific education .
Chapter No 3
Kinds of Supervision : inspection , Laissez Fair , Coercive Supervision , Training and guidance , democratic supervision
Characteristics of Supervision : Democratic, Satisfactory , group dealing , creative ,scientific , experimental –
Purpose and Needs of Supervision : suitable goals, leadership, teacher concept,induce new teachers, place of education ,unify teachers, growth ,changes . pupils needs,popularize school,public problems , protect teachers , professional awareness .
Qualities of Effective Supervisors : Applicability ,perceptiveness,aspiration and faith , becoming,imagination and resourcefulness
Different Techniques of Supervision : Preventive,Corrective,Constructive,Creative
Role of Supervisor : (1) Administrative Roles (2) Academic Roles
Administrative Roles : selection of class,sanctions and payments of grants , facilities, supervising task of school , scholarship ,resolution of management committees, checking of accounts and records,safety and security of school, workload,welfare of teachers .
Academic Role : Supervision of teaching learning objectives , exchanging and maintaining educational standards , evaluating and improving learning process ,orientation .
Chapter No 4
Objective of Self realization : the inquiring mind , reading writing , number sight and hearing , health knowledge , health habits ,recreations,intellectual interest ,
Objectives of Human Relationship : respect for humanity , friendship, cooperation , courtesy , appreciation of home, conservation of home , democracy in home ,
Objective of Economic Efficiency : work , occupational information , occupational choice , efficiency , occupation adjustments , occupational appreciations , personal economics ,consumer judgments , efficiency judgments ,efficiency in buying , consumer protections .
Objective of Civic Responsibility : Social Justice , Social activity , social understanding , critical judgments , tolerance ,conversations , social application of science , world citizenship, law observance, economic citizenship , devotion to democracy .
Approaches in Education Planning : (1) The Social Demand Methodology , (2) The Man power Requirements Methodology (3) The Rate of return Methodology (4) Unit Cost (5) Equality and disparity issues (6) Organizational Structures (7) Demographic Facts (8) Political Factors (9) External Efficiency (10) occupational needs
Types and Goals of Educational Planning : preparation of alternative decision , Goals and objectives, Programmers and services, Human resources , Physical Resources , Finances ,Govt Structures, The Social Context .
Types of Education Planning: Centralized Planning , Local level planning , Sect Oral Planning , Integrated Planning ,
The Process of Plan Formulation: Broad Objectives and Targets Settings , Survey current Economic Conditions, Strategy ,Determination of Plan Financing of plan (Direct Public Expenditures, Direction of research , Sourcing of financing ) Sect oral programmed , Mobilization resources, Plan Execution
Process of Project Planning : introductions, Backgrounds, The Project area,( Physical Resources, Population and Employments , Physical infrastructures, Institutions ) Objective and Phasing of projects , Choice of location , major works and components , Phasing works and activities, Projects costs, (Capital Cost, Recurrent cost, Local and foreign currency cost, phasing of cost )
Chapter No 5
Factors Affecting School Discipline : Lack of leadership, current education system, lack of ideas, economic difficulties,
Suggestion for Solution of Problems :School Disciplines , Proactive Strategies, Possibility of reasons children misbehaves ,positive Discipline Techniques
Principles of Classrooms managements :
Principle # 1 Assesses, clarify and communicate needs and exceptions (a) Students needs/rights exceptions, (b) Teacher Needs/Rights Exceptions (c) Further Exceptions of Students (d) Further Exceptions of teacher
Principle # 2 =Create a warm and nurturing classrooms climate : Physical Environments, Treatments of students, Esprit De Crops
Principle # 3 Democraticallt set of of rules and consequence : Joint develop a set of rules based on expectation , Discuss logical consequence , Display the rules and consquence prominently .
Principle # 4 Develop a daily routine yet remain flexible : Every minutes count , Providing assistance ,Managing assignment collection,Restructure or reschedule
Principle # 5 Making Learning more attractive and fun for Students : Genuine incentive, active student involvement ,focus on students needs
Principle # 6 Deal with misbehave ,quickly consistently and respectfully : Non verbal communication,Reminders,Redirecting behaviour,Delaing with attentions seeking students ,avoid power struggle,adreess the behaviour,invking consequance,prevent escalation
Principle #7 : in subordination rules,conference,behavioral plan,techniques for better class rooms discipline,focusing ,direct instruction,monitoring,modeling nonverbal cuing,Environmental control,Low profile invention,Assertive Di spine ,Assertive I messages,Humanistic I messages,Positive Discipline,
Criteria For Students Classification : History,Winnetka Plan,Unit plan,Techniques,Summar school,Grouping, Non graded elementary school,General criteria for student classification,,common patterns( Upgraded grouping,Subject grouping,Ability grouping,Split day grouping,Intra classroom ability grouping,Intra class rooms individula grouing )
Psychological Factors of Classification : Chronological,Retarded Children,General Intelligence,Attainments in school subjects.Multiple and composite basis
Chapter No 6 :
Concepts of Budgeting : plan,financing govt activities,statement of receipts and payments
Purpose of Budget : advance objective,activites,public funds,plane
Advantages of Budgets: Action based,cooperation,economic condition,balanced programmer,operation are controlled,determination of weakness.
Function of Budget :The Stabilizing functions,Distributing Functions,Allocation Function,Taxation
Phase of Budgeting : Identification of plan,Identification of resource costing of resources,presentation of budget,Obtained approval
Chapter No 7 School Records:
Kinds of Records: Genral ,Financial,Educational,Equipments,Correspondence,
School Calendar,Log Book,Admission Register,Pupil Attendance Register,Teacher Attendance Register ,Cash Book,Fee Collection Register,Service Register,Stock Register.